The Learning Process
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San Diego Figure Skating Communications
  
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Free Skating Elements

Learning to Skate Group Classes
        The Ice Skating Institute (ISI) and the United State Figure Skating Basic Skating Skills have developed The Learn to Skate classes to provide a systematic method of acquiring the basic skating skills that provide the foundation to perform more advanced elements of skating involved in ice hockey, speed skating, or various disciplines of figure skating.

        Those skaters interested participating in figure skating can continue taking group classes, passing tests for badges, and participating in ISI and Basic Skills competitions. Skaters who are interested in joining the USFS can join using a reduced cost transitional one year membership to test and entering USFS Open and club competitions.  Eventually they can become full USFS members and enter qualifying competitions that select the the USA team represents out country in International, World, and Winter Olympic Championships.
       
        The following links are provided for more information:
       The USFS Free Skating Tests require the skater to first pass the corresponding MITF test level.  

       A skater can pass MITF tests and earn a gold test medal without taking any Free Skating Tests.


   
Events – Basic Program: Snowplow – Basic 8

  • The skating order of the required elements is optional. The elements are not restricted as to he number of times the element is executed or length of glides, number of revolutions, etc. unless otherwise specified.
  • To be skated on the full ice surface
  • Instrumental and vocal music is allowed
  • The skater may use elements from a previous level
  • A 0.2 deduction will be taken for each element performed from a higher level
  • Time: 1:00 minute +/- 10 seconds
  • A mark for Required Elements (6.0 system first mark) will be the only mark awarded.
  • Each program must contain the following required elements from Basic Skills handbook:
  
Snowplow Sam - Tots:
  1. March followed by a two foot glide and dip
  2. Forward two foot swizzles 2-3 in a row
      3.    Forward snowplow stop
      4.    Backward wiggles 2-6 in a row
Basic 1
  1. Forward two foot glide
  2. Forward two foot swizzles 6 -8 in a row
  3. Forward snowplow stop
  4. Backward wiggles 6-8 in a row

Basic 5:
  1. Backward outside edge on a circle clockwise or counterclockwise
  2. Backward crossovers 6-8 consecutive - both directions
  3. One foot spin - minimum of three revolutions
  4. Hockey stop
  5. Side Toe hop - either direction
Basic 2
  1. Forward one foot glide - either foot
  2. Forward alternating ½ swizzle pumps, in a straight line -across width of ice
  3. Two foot turn in place forward to backward
  4. Backward two foot swizzles 6 - 8 in a row
  5. Moving snowplow stop
Basic 6:
  1. Forward inside three turn - R & L from a standstill
  2. Bunny Hop
  3. Forward spiral on a straight line - R or L
  4. Lunge - R or L
  5. T-stop - R or L
Basic 3
  1. Forward stroking
  2. Forward ½ swizzle pumps on a circle, either clockwise or counter clockwise  6 - 8          consecutively     
  3. Moving forward to backward two foot turn - either direction    
  4. Backward one foot glide - either foot
  5. Two foot spin
Basic 7:
  1. Forward inside open Mohawk - R to L and L to R
  2. Ballet Jump - either direction
  3. Back crossovers to a back outside edge landing position clockwise and counter clockwise
  4. Forward inside pivot
Basic 4
  1. Forward outside three turn - R & L from a standstill
  2. Forward outside edge on a circle clockwise or counter clockwise
  3. Forward crossovers  6-8 consecutive both directions
  4. Backward stroking
  5. Backward snowplow stop - R or L
Basic 8:
  1. Moving forward outside or forward inside three turns R & L
  2. Waltz jump
  3. Mazurka - either direction
  4. Combination move - clockwise or counter clockwise – two forward crossovers into FI Mohawk, step behind, step into one back crossover and step to a forward inside edge
  5. Beginning one-foot upright spin - optional free foot position

    
Events – Freeskate Elements: Freeskate 1-6 and Adult A, B

Free Skate Compulsory Elements: on 1/2 ice surface -
  • In program form, using a limited number of connecting steps, the skating order of the required elements is optional
  • To be skated on the 1/2 ice surface
  • No music is allowed
  • The skate must demonstrate the required elements and may use, but is not required to use any additional elements from previous levels
  • A 0.2 deduction will be taken for each element performed from a higher level
  • Time: 1:00 or less
  • Please read “Rules of Eligibility” of announce to determine event level
  • A mark for Required Elements (6.0 system first mark) will be the only mark awarded.
  • Each program must contain the following required elements (taken from US Figure Skating Basic Skills handbook:
Freeskate 1
  1. Advanced Forward stroking. 4-6 strokes
  2. Forward outside or inside consecutive edges, 2-4
  3. Scratch spin from back crossovers
  4. Waltz jump from back crossovers
  5. Half Flip jump
Freeskate 4
  1. Spiral Sequence: FI spiral, FI Mohawk, BO spiral R or L
  2. Forward power 3’s, 2-3 consecutive R or L
  3. Sit spin
  4. Loop jump
  5. Waltz jump/Loop jump
Freeskate 2
  1. Forward outside spiral R or L
  2. Waltz three’s R or L
  3. Beginning back spin
  4. Waltz jump, side toe hop, Waltz jump
  5. Toe Loop
Freeskate 6
  1. Spiral sequence: FO spiral, FO 3-turn, 1 back crossover & Backward inside spiral, R or L
  2. Camel spin
  3. Forward upright spin to back upright spin
  4. Loop/Loop combination jump
  5. Flip jump
Freeskate 3
  1. Forward crossovers in a figure 8
  2. Advanced forward outside swing rolls 4-6
  3. Back spin
  4. Salchow
  5. Waltz jump/Toe loop or Salchow/Toe Loop
Freeskate 7
  1. 5 step Mohawk sequence, 1 set alternating patterns
  2. Camel/sit spin combination, min of 4 revolutions total
  3. Split or Stag jump
  4. Waltz jump/1/2 loop /Salchow combination
  5. Lutz jump
Adult A Elements
  • Forward stroking, Forward 1-foot glide (both feet)
  • Forward 1/2 swizzle pumps on a circle (4-6 in a row, either direction)
  • Moving 2-foot turn from forward to backward (either direction)
  • Backward 1/2 swizzle pumps on a circle (4-6 in a row, either direction)
Adult B Elements
  1. Forward outside consecutive edges (4-6)
  2. Backward edge on a curve (O or I, either foot)
  3. Backward snowplow stop R or L
  4. Adult 3 footwork sequence: 3-5 forward crossovers to FI Mohawk, 3-5 backward crossovers, step to FI edge, 2-foot spin

USFS Competition Events
USFS Free Skating Test Structure
Pre-Preliminary Freestyle
Most skaters perform this test as a program without music.
There is not time requirement.
This test is a "Pass" or "Retry"
Two different elements may be retried if necessary.
Jumps Waltz Jump  (Definition)                           Waltz Jump  Lesson Plan
Salchow Jump  (Definition)                       Salchow Jump  Lesson Plan   
Toe Loop Jump  (Definition)                     Toe Loop Jump  Lesson Plan    
Half flip (land on either foot)  Half Flip Jump (Definition)             Half Flip Jump  (Lesson Plan)
Half Lutz (land on either foot)  Half Lutz Jump (Definition)            Half Lutz Jump  (Lesson Plan)
Spins One-foot spin (minimum 3 revolutions) optional freeleg position toward knee level  Upright Spin (Lesson Plan)

Preliminary Freestyle
The duration of this test is about 1 min +/- 30 sec. +/- 10 sec.
Passing Total is 5.0
Passing average is 2.5.
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps Waltz Jump  (Definition)                           Waltz Jump  (Lesson Plan)
Salchow Jump  (Definition)                       Salchow Jump  (Lesson Plan)   
Loop Jump  (Definition)                            Loop Jump  (Lesson Plan)    
Flip Jump  (Definition)                              Flip Jump  (Lesson Plan)  
Combos Waltz-Toe Loop combination jump
Spins One-foot upright spin (optional free foot) (minimum 3 revolutions)  Upright Spin (Lesson Plan)
One-foot backspin (entry optional) (minimum 3 revolutions) BackUpright Spin (Lesson Plan)
Sit spin (recognizable sit position) (minimum 3 revolutions)  Forward Sit Spin  (Lesson Plan)
Moves Connecting moves and steps should be demonstrated throughout the program

Pre-Juvenile Freestyle
The duration of this test is 2:00 minutes +/- 10 sec.
Passing Total is 5.4
Passing average is 2.7
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps Loop Jump  (Definition)                            Loop Jump  (Lesson Plan)   
Flip Jump  (Definition)                              Flip Jump  (Lesson Plan)
Lutz Jump  (Definition)                             Lutz Jump  (Lesson Plan)  
Combos Jump combo with choice of above with a loop jump. The loop jump must be the second jump.
Spins Camel spin (minimum 3 revolutions)     Camel Spin   (Lesson Plan)
Camel to sit spin combo (no change of foot) (min 6 total revolutions) 
Camel change to Sit Spin  (Lesson Plan)
Front scratch to back scratch combo - exit on spinning foot (minimum 4 revolutions/foot)   Forward Upright to Back Upright Spin    (Lesson Plan)
Moves Connecting moves and steps should be demonstrated throughout the program

Juvenile Freestyle Test
The duration of this test is about 2 :15 sec. +/- 10 sec.
Passing total is 6.0
Passing average is 3.0
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps 3 different singles, one of which must be an Axel Jump (Definition)     
One jump from: split, stag, falling leaf, half loop  Split Jump
Combos Jump combo with 2 singles
Spins Forward sit spin (minimum 4 revolutions) Forward Sit Spin  (Lesson Plan)
(Ladies) Layback or Attitude spin (minimum 4 revolutions)  Layback Spin   (Lesson Plan)
(Men) Forward camel (min 4 revolutions)    Camel Spin   (Lesson Plan)
Spin combo with 1 change of foot; change of position is optional. Must include one of the following positions: camel, sit or attitude (min 4 revolutions/foot)
Moves Connecting moves consisting of spirals, strong edges, etc should be demonstrated throughout the program

Intermediate Freestyle
The duration of this test is about 2 :30 sec. +/- 10 sec.
Passing total is 6.4
Passing average is 3.2
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps One (1) Axel Jump (Definition)    
One (1) double jump: double Salchow, double toe loop
Combos One (1) Jump combonation with 2 single jumps
(no turn or change of foot between jumps)
Once (1) Jump combonation with (single and double) or (2 doubles)
(no turn or change of foot between jumps)
Spins Flying spin (minimum 5 revolutions in position)  Flying Camel Spin (Lesson Plan)
Spin combo with at least 1 change of foot and at least 1 change of position (minimum 4 revolutions/foot)  
Steps One step sequence straight line, circular or serpentine, fully utilizing the ice surface.

Novice Freestyle
Duration Ladies 3 :00 minutes +/- 10 sec.      Men 3:30 +/- 10 sec.
Passing total is 7.0
Passing average is 3.5
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps Double Salchow
Double toe loop
Double loop
Combos Jump combo with 2 double jumps
(no turn or change of foot between jumps)
Spins Choice of camel, sit, or layback (minimum 6 revolutions)
Camel to back camel spin combo (minimum 4 revolutions/foot)
Spin combo with 1 change of foot and 1 change of position (minimum 5 revolutions/foot)
Moves Straight-line step sequence consisting of steps and turns in the field such as threes, brackets, spirals and spread eagles, etc
Connecting moves should be demonstrated throughout the program

Junior Freestyle
Duration Ladies-3 :30  +/- 10 sec.        Men 4:00 minutes +/- 10 sec.
Passing total is 8.0
Passing average is 4.0
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps At least 3 different double jumps; one of which must be a double flip.
Combos 1 combo with 2 double jumps
1 sequence with small jumps followed by any double jump
Spins Flying sit spin or flying change (reverse) sit spin (minimum 6 revolutions)
Layback or crossfoot spin (min 6 revs)
Spin combo with 3 positions and 1 change of foot (min 5 revolutions/foot)
Moves Circular step sequence of advanced difficulty, covering the ice surface, consisting of steps and turns in the field such as spread eagles, spiral combinations, 3-turns, brackets, etc
Connecting moves should be demonstrated throughout the program

Senior Freestyle
Duration Ladies 4 :00 minutes +/- 10 sec.          Men 4:30 +/- 10 sec.
Passing total is 9.0
Passing average is 4.5
Two different elements may be retried if necessary
Jumps At least 4 different double or triple jumps; one of which must be a double Lutz.  If the skater elects to perform triple jumps, only 1 may be repeated in combinations or jump sequences
Combos 2 different jump combinations with (2 double jumps) or (a double and a triple)
Spins At least 4 different spins (min 6 revolutions for solos)
1 must be flying spin
1 must be spin combo with at least 2 positions and at least 1 change of foot (min 10 total revolutions)
Moves Serpentine step sequence of very advanced difficulty with complex sequences of turns in the field that cover the entire ice surface and include counters and rockers
Connecting moves should be demonstrated throughout the program
   
       Each free skating test receives two marks – one mark for Technical Elements and one mark for a Performance that is “Well Balanced”. The program is skated to a musical selection chosen by the skater to meet a specified length of time as required for the test level.  The ability to perform the elements to the music is an important criteria that is evaluated.

       The test program must demonstrate all required elements in order to be passed. Two required elements may be reskated.  A more difficult element can not be substituted for a required element.

Recommended Reading:
References:

 
Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

   
Forms of Figure Skating
   
Moves In The Field (MITF)
School Figures - the Basis of Free Skating
Fours (Pairs)
Similar Pairs
Formation Dance

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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